Divisions Under the Covenant of Grace

by Matt Slick

God works covenantally.  A covenant is a pact or agreement between two or more parties.  The chart below helps you to see some of the major covenants made between God and man.

Some Divisions Under the Covenant of Grace

COVENANT NAME

ADAMIC

NOAHIC

ABRAHAMIC

SINAITIC

DAVIDIC

NEW

PARTIES INVOLVED

God and Adam; therefore all Mankind

God and Noah

(his descendants and all living creatures)

God and Abraham
(his descendants)

God and the Israelites at Mt. Sinai

God and David

God and the Elect

THE
PROMISE

Eternal Life based on keeping God’s word.

To not destroy the world again with a flood (Gen. 9:8-18)

Land and descendants to Abraham (Gen. 15:8-18; 17:1-14)

Continued Fellowship with God (Exodus 34:27-28; 19:5; 24:4-8)

His descendants would have an everlasting kingdom Psalm 89:3)

Law written on their hearts. We will be God's people.
(Jer. 31:31-33)

THE CONDITION

Perfect Obedience

No Condition

Circumcision

Perfect Obedience

No Condition

Faith in Jesus

SIGN AND SEAL

The Tree

A Rainbow

Circumcision

A sacrifice and sprinkling of blood (Exodus 24:4-8)

None because it was to be fulfilled in Jesus’ sacrifice.

The Blood of Christ (Baptism and the Lord’s Supper)

MEDIATOR

No Mediator

 

 

 

The Messiah

Jesus Christ

 

 

This article is also available in: Español

 

 

 

 
 
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