Chronology of early Islam

moon phases

by Matt Slick

Notice how closely Islam's inception is associated with war. From 623 to 777, a span of 154 years, there are 83 military conflicts involving the Muslims...and that is just what I have recorded here.  Is Islam a religion of peace?  Muslims tell me it is.  But....

  • 570 - Birth of Muhammad in Mecca into the tribe of Quraish.
  • 577 - Muhammad's mother dies.
  • 580 - Death of Abdul Muttalib, Muhammad's grandfather.
  • 583 - First journey to Syria with a trading Caravan.
  • 595 - Muhammad marries Khadijah a rich widow several years older than him.
  • 595 - Second journey to Syra.
  • 598 - His son, Qasim, is born.
  • 600 - His daughter, Zainab, is born.
  • 603 - His daughter, Um-e-Kalthum, is born.
  • 604 - His daughter, Ruqayya, is born.
  • 605 - Placement of Black Stone in Ka'aba.
  • 605 - His daughter, Fatima, is born.
  • 610 - Mohammed, in a cave on Mt. Hira, hears the angel Gabriel tell him that 
    Allah is the only true God.
  • 613 - Muhammad's first public preaching of Islam at Mt. Hira; gets few converts.
  • 615 - Muslims persecuted by the Quraish.
  • 619 - Marries Sau'da and Aisha.
  • 620 - Institution of five daily prayers.
  • 622 - Muhammad immigrates from Mecca to Medina, which was then called Yathrib, gets
    more converts.
  • 623 - Battle of Waddan.
  • 623 - Battle of Safwan.
  • 623 - Battle of Dul-'Ashir.
  • 624 - Muhammad and converts begin raids on caravans to fund the movement.
  • 624 - Zakat becomes mandatory.
  • 624 - Battle of Badr.
  • 624 - Battle of Bani Salim.
  • 624 - Battle of Eid-ul-Fitr and Zakat-ul-Fitr.
  • 624 - Battle of Bani Qainuqa'.
  • 624 - Battle of Sawiq.
  • 624 - Battle of Ghatfan.
  • 624 - Battle of Bahran.
  • 625 - Battle of Uhud; 70 Muslims are killed.
  • 625 - Battle of Humra-ul-Asad.
  • 625 - Battle of Banu Nudair.
  • 625 - Battle of Dhatur-Riqa.
  • 626 - Battle of Badru-Ukhra.
  • 626 - Battle of Dumatul-Jandal.
  • 626 - Battle of Banu Mustalaq Nikah.
  • 627 - Battle of the Trench.
  • 627 - Battle of Ahzab.
  • 627 - Battle of Bani Quraiza.
  • 627 - Battle of Bani Lahyan.
  • 627 - Battle of Ghaiba.
  • 627 - Battle of Khaibar.
  • 628 - Muhammad signs treaty with Quraish.
  • 630 - Muhammad conquers Mecca.
  • 630 - Battle of Hunsin.
  • 630 - Battle of Tabuk.
  • 632 - Muhammad dies.
  • 632 - Abu-Bakr, Muhammad's father-in-law, along with Umar, begin a military move to
    enforce Islam in Arabia.
  • 633 - Battle at Oman.
  • 633 - Battle at Hadramaut.
  • 633 - Battle of Kazima.
  • 633 - Battle of Walaja.
  • 633 - Battle of Ulleis.
  • 633 - Battle of Anbar.
  • 634 - Battle of Basra.
  • 634 - Battle of Damascus.
  • 634 - Battle of Ajnadin.
  • 634 - Death of Hadrat Abu Bakr. Hadrat Umar Farooq becomes the Caliph.
  • 634 - Battle of Namaraq.
  • 634 - Battle of Saqatia.
  • 635 - Battle of Bridge.
  • 635 - Battle of Buwaib.
  • 635 - Conquest of Damascus.
  • 635 - Battle of Fahl.
  • 636 - Battle of Yermuk.
  • 636 - Battle of Qadsiyia.
  • 636 - Conquest of Madain.
  • 637 - Battle of Jalula.
  • 638 - Battle of Yarmouk.
  • 638 - The Muslims defeat the Romans and enter Jerusalem.
  • 638 - Conquest of Jazirah.
  • 639 - Conquest of Khuizistan and movement into Egypt.
  • 641 - Battle of Nihawand.
  • 642 - Battle of Rayy in Persia.
  • 643 - Conquest of Azarbaijan.
  • 644 - Conquest of Fars.
  • 644 - Conquest of Kharan.
  • 644 - Umar is murdered.  Othman becomes the Caliph.
  • 647 - Conquest of the island of Cypress.
  • 644 - Uman dies and is succeeded by Caliph Uthman.
  • 648 - Campaign against the Byzantines.
  • 651 - Naval battle against the Byzantines.
  • 654 - Islam spreads into North Africa.
  • 656 - Uthman is murdered.  Ali become Caliph.
  • 658 - Battle of Nahrawan.
  • 659 - Conquest of Egypt.
  • 661 - Ali is murdered.
  • 662 - Egypt falls to Islam rule.
  • 666 - Sicily is attacked by Muslims.
  • 677 - Siege of Constantinople.
  • 687 - Battle of Kufa.
  • 691 - Battle of Deir ul Jaliq.
  • 700 - Sufism takes root as a sect of Islam.
  • 700 - Military campaigns in North Africa.
  • 702 - Battle of Deir ul Jamira.
  • 711 - Muslims invade Gibraltar.
  • 711 - Conquest of Spain.
  • 713 - Conquest of Multan.
  • 716 - Invasion of Constantinople.
  • 732 - Battle of Tours in France.
  • 740 - Battle of the Nobles.
  • 741 - Battle of Bagdoura in North Africa.
  • 744 - Battle of Ain al Jurr.
  • 746 - Battle of Rupar Thutha.
  • 748 - Battle of Rayy.
  • 749 - Battle of lsfahan.
  • 749 - Battle of Nihawand.
  • 750 - Battle of Zab.
  • 772 - Battle of Janbi in North Africa.
  • 777 - Battle of Saragossa in Spain.

References:

  • Miller, William M., A Christian's Response to Islam, Presbyterian and Reformed Publishing, Phillipsburg, New Jersey, 1976.
  • Geisler, Norman, Baker Encyclopedia of Christian Apologetics, Grand Rapids, Michigan, Baker Books, 1999.
  • Glasse, Cyril, The Concise Encyclopedia of Islam, Harper & Row, Publishers, Inc. San Francisco, 1989.
  • Morey, Robert, The Islamic Invasion, Harvest House Publishers, Eugene Oregon, 1992.

 

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