Do Christians, Muslims, and Jews worship the same God?

by Matt Slick

No, Christians, Jews, and Muslims do not worship the same God. Though there are similarities, there are also key differences in who they define God to be.

As you can see in the chart below, each religion affirms that there's only one God and that he is eternal and transcendent. However, Christianity affirms the doctrine of the Trinity which is the teaching that in the one God are three distinct persons--not three gods. In other words, the one God exists as Father, Son, and Holy Spirit. It is a uniquely Christian teaching, and this is a critical difference dealing with the nature of God. He is either triune (Christianity), or he is not triune (Judaism, Islam). Logically speaking, God cannot be both a Trinity and also not a Trinity at the same time. In addition, Jesus cannot be both God in flesh (second person of the Trinity) and also not God in flesh. Therefore, Christianity, Judaism, and Islam do not believe in nor worship the same God.

God: Only one in all existence Same Affirm Affirm Affirm
God: Eternal, no beginning or end Same Affirm Affirm Affirm
God:  Transcendent Same Affirm Affirm Affirm
God:  Omniscient, Omnipresent, Omnipotent Same Affirm Affirm Affirm
God:  Trinity of three Persons Different Affirm Deny Deny
God:  Incarnation in Jesus Different Affirm Deny Deny

About The Author

Matt Slick is the President and Founder of the Christian Apologetics and Research Ministry.