Examining all verses in the New Testament dealing with justification

by Matt Slick

Below is a chart of every occurrence of the words justify, justification, justified, etc., that occur in the New Testament.  The purpose is to see how they are used in different senses and context so that the semantic domain might be easily understood for those inquiring about our salvation.

NEW  TESTAMENT VERSES
Noun
: Justification, dikaiosis, (δικαίωσις)   
Noun: Justification, dikaioma (δικαίωμα)  
Verb: to justify, vindicate, dikiaoo (δικαιόω)
Justified by means of:  blood, Christ, Christ's crucifixion, conduct, court, deeds, faith, gift, God, grace, integrity, law, words, works Justified in what sense?  declared to be, forgiveness, God's justice, legal, moral, self-righteous, without sin. Justified before whom: before God, before people, before ourselves
Matt. 11:19 “The Son of Man came eating and drinking, and they say, ‘Behold, a gluttonous man and a drunkard, a friend of tax-gatherers and sinners!’ Yet wisdom is vindicated by her deeds.” By Deeds Self-Vindication Before People
Matt. 12:37 “For by your words you shall be justified and by your words you shall be condemned.” By Words Moral Before God
Luke 7:29 "And when all the people and the tax-gatherers heard this, they acknowledged God’s justice, having been baptized with the baptism of John." -- God's Justice Before People
Luke 7:35 “Yet wisdom is vindicated by all her children.” By Deeds Self-Vindication Before People
Luke 10:29 "But wishing to justify himself he said to Jesus 'And who is my neighbor?'" By Works Self-
Righteousness
Before God
Luke 16:15 "And He said to them 'You are those who justify yourselves in the sight of men but God knows your hearts; for that which is highly esteemed among men is detestable in the sight of God.'" By Works Self-Righteousness Before People
Luke 18:14 "I tell you this man went down to his house justified rather than the other; for everyone who exalts himself shall be humbled but he who humbles himself shall be exalted.”" By Faith Without Sin Before God
Acts 13:39 "and through Him everyone who believes is freed from all things, from which you could not be freed through the Law of Moses." By Faith Freed, Forgiven Before God

NEW  TESTAMENT VERSES 

Noun: Justification, dikaiosis, (δικαίωσις)   
Noun: Justification, dikaioma (δικαίωμα)  
Verb: to justify, vindicate, dikiaoo (δικαιόω)

Justified by means of:  blood, Christ, Christ's crucifixion, conduct, court, deeds, faith, gift, God, grace, integrity, law, words, works Justified in what sense?  declared to be, forgiveness, God's justice, legal, moral, self-righteous, without sin. Justified before whom: before God, before people, before ourselves
Rom. 2:13 "for not the hearers of the Law are just before God but the doers of the Law will be justified."1 By Works Legally Right Before God
Rom. 3:4 "May it never be! Rather let God be found true though every man be found a liar as it is written, "That you might be justified in your words and prevail when you are judged." In Words Right Standing Before God
Rom. 3:20 "because by the works of the Law no flesh will be justified in His sight; for through the Law comes the knowledge of sin." By Works Legally Right Not Before God
Rom. 3:24 "being justified as a gift by His grace through the redemption which is in Christ Jesus;" By Gift Christ Before God
Rom. 3:26 "for the demonstration I say of His righteousness at the present time that He might be just and the justifier of the one who has faith in Jesus." By faith Legal (sins context. sin is breaking God's Law, 1 John 3:4) Before God
Rom. 3:28 "For we maintain that a man is justified by faith apart from works of the Law." By Faith Legal (law context) Before God
Rom. 3:30 "since indeed God who will justify the circumcised by faith and the uncircumcised through faith is one." By Faith Legal (law context) Before God
Rom. 4:2 "For if Abraham was justified by works he has something to boast about; but not before God." By Works Legal Not Before God
Rom. 4:5 "But to the one who does not work but believes in Him who justifies the ungodly his faith is reckoned as righteousness By Faith Right Standing Before God
Rom. 4:25 "He who was delivered up because of our transgressions and was raised because of our justification." Justified by faith -- Justified by God
Rom. 5:1 "Therefore having been justified by faith we have peace with God through our Lord Jesus Christ." Justified by faith Legal (Rom. 4:22) Before God
Rom. 5:9 "Much more then having now been justified by His blood we shall be saved from the wrath of God through Him." By Christ's blood Legal (wrath of God) Before God

NEW  TESTAMENT VERSES

Noun: Justification, dikaiosis, (δικαίωσις)

Noun: Justification, dikaioma (δικαίωμα)  
 

Verb: to justify, vindicate, dikiaoo (δικαιόω)

Justified by means of:  blood, Christ, Christ's crucifixion, conduct, court, deeds, faith, gift, God, grace, integrity, law, words, works Justified in what sense?  declared to be, forgiveness, God's justice, legal, moral, self-righteous, without sin. Justified before whom: before God, before people, before ourselves
Rom. 5:16 "And the gift is not like that which came through the one who sinned; for on the one hand the judgment arose from one transgression resulting in condemnation but on the other hand the free gift arose from many transgressions resulting in justification." Christ's Crucifixion Legal, forgiveness Before God
Rom. 5:18 "So then as through one transgression there resulted condemnation to all men even so through one act of righteousness there resulted justification of life to all men." Christ's Crucifixion Legal,
Forgiveness
Before God
Rom. 6:7  "for he who has died is freed from sin." Freed Legal (sin is breaking God's Law, 1 John 3:4) Before God
Rom. 8:30 "and whom He predestined these He also called; and whom He called these He also justified; and whom He justified these He also glorified." -- -- Before God
Rom. 8:33 "Who will bring a charge against God’s elect? God is the one who justifies." -- Legal (context is judgment and condemnation) Before People
1 Cor. 4:4  "For I am conscious of nothing against myself, yet I am not by this acquitted; but the one who examines me is the Lord." By God Legal (context 1 Cor. 4:3,5) Before God
1 Cor. 6:11 "And such were some of you; but you were washed but you were sanctified but you were justified in the name of the Lord Jesus Christ and in the Spirit of our God." By God Righteousness (context of contrasted with idolaters, adulterers, thieves, etc.) Before God
Gal. 2:16 "nevertheless knowing that a man is not justified by the works of the Law but through faith in Christ Jesus even we have believed in Christ Jesus that we may be justified by faith in Christ and not by the works of the Law; since by the works of the Law shall no flesh be justified." Faith Legal (dealing with Law) Before God
Gal. 2:17  "But if while seeking to be justified in Christ we ourselves have also been found sinners is Christ then a minister of sin? May it never be!" By Christ Legal (sin is breaking God's Law, 1 John 3:4) Before God

NEW  TESTAMENT VERSES 

Noun: Justification, dikaiosis,(δικαίωσις)

Noun: Justification, dikaioma (δικαίωμα)                                                              

Verb: to justify, vindicate, dikiaoo (δικαιόω)                                                            

Justified by means of:  blood, Christ, Christ's crucifixion, conduct, court, deeds, faith, gift, God, grace, integrity, law, words, works Justified in what sense?  declared to be, forgiveness, God's justice, legal, moral, self-righteous, without sin. Justified before whom: before God, before people, before ourselves
Gal. 3:8 "And the Scripture foreseeing that God would justify the Gentiles by faith preached the gospel beforehand to Abraham saying, "All the nations shall be blessed in you." By Faith Legal (context Gal. 3:6 dealing with righteousness and the Law v. 11) Before God
Gal. 3:11 "Now that no one is justified by the Law before God is evident; for 'The righteous man shall live by faith.'" By Faith Legal (context is law) Before God
Gal. 3:24 "Therefore the Law has become our tutor to lead us to Christ that we may be justified by faith." By Faith Legal (context Gal. 3:23 dealing with the Law). Before God
Gal. 5:4 "You have been severed from Christ you who are seeking to be justified by law; you have fallen from grace." By Law Legal Before God
1 Tim. 3:16 "And by common confession great is the mystery of godliness: He who was revealed in the flesh, was vindicated in the Spirit, beheld by angels, proclaimed among the nations, believed on in the world, taken up in glory." -- -- Before God
Titus 3:7  "that being justified by His grace we might be made heirs according to the hope of eternal life." By Grace -- Before God
James 2:21 "Was not Abraham our father justified by works when he offered up Isaac his son on the altar?" By Works -- Before People (context is James 2:14, 18)
James 2:24 "You see that a man is justified by works and not by faith alone." By Works -- Before People (context is James 2:14, 18)
James 2:25 "And in the same way was not Rahab the harlot also justified by works when she received the messengers and sent them out by another way?" By Works -- Before People (context is James 2:14, 18)
Rev. 22:11  “Let the one who does wrong, still do wrong; and let the one who is filthy, still be filthy; and let the one who is righteous, still practice righteousness; and let the one who is holy, still keep himself holy.” -- Righteousness Before God
  • 1. The context is Paul telling the self-righteous Jews that those who keep the Law perfectly are justified.  See Rom. 3:20, Gal. 3:10, and James 2:10.

 

 

 

 
 
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