by Brian D. Ray
Homeschooling is a form of private education that is the parent-led home-based education of school-age children. Homeschooling is a form of education (i.e., education in the broad sense) that genuinely places the parents as directly responsible for planning and executing the instruction of their children. Parents are responsible for making choices regarding the learning objectives, curriculum, pedagogical approaches, teachers involved, and places of instruction and learning. As the children get older, for example in their teenage years, these youths usually become a genuine part of the decision-making process about their own education. As a corollary to this, homeschooling does not rely on either state-run public schooling or institutional private schooling for the children’s education.
Homeschooling is based out of the home but does not take place only in the home. The home education of a child also occurs in places such as libraries, museums, science centers, zoos, forests, parks, private businesses, art centers, dance studios, music teachers’ homes, at meeting places of scouts, on athletic sports fields, in gymnasiums, in rooms in places called schools, in church buildings, in other homes, and many more places. Most of the academic instruction of the students occurs during Monday through Friday, during the day.
Homeschooling instruction is done mainly by the parents. This is especially true when the children are younger, such as ages 5 through 12. Typically home-educated children are engaged in an increasing number of learning activities with adults and children other than their parents and siblings as they grow older. Educational homeschooling co-operatives (co-ops), tutors, group classes, and more are common and used more for home-educated children as they grow older and more advanced in their academic knowledge and skills, especially those such as ages 13 to 17.