Jesus was crucified just outside the city of Jerusalem at Golgotha which is called the place of the skull and is also known as Calvary. The traditional location is north of the temple, just outside of the ancient city.
- John 19:20, "Therefore many of the Jews read this inscription, for the place where Jesus was crucified was near the city; and it was written in Hebrew, Latin and in Greek."
- Hebrews 13:12, "Therefore Jesus also, that He might sanctify the people through His own blood, suffered outside the gate."
He was crucified at the Place of the Skull1
- Matt. 27:33-36, "And when they came to a place called Golgotha, which means Place of a Skull, 34 they gave Him wine to drink mixed with gall; and after tasting it, He was unwilling to drink. 35 And when they had crucified Him, they divided up His garments among themselves by casting lots. 36 And sitting down, they began to keep watch over Him there."
- Luke 23:33, "When they came to the place called The Skull, there they crucified Him and the criminals, one on the right and the other on the left."
- John 19:17-18, "They took Jesus, therefore, and He went out, bearing His own cross, to the place called the Place of a Skull, which is called in Hebrew, Golgotha. 18 There they crucified Him, and with Him two other men, one on either side, and Jesus in between."
The location was within public view since there are scriptures that show Jesus was mocked while on the cross and there were passersby.
- Matthew 27:39, "And those passing by were hurling abuse at Him, wagging their heads."
- Mark 15:21, 29-30, " They pressed into service a passer-by coming from the country, Simon of Cyrene (the father of Alexander and Rufus), to bear His cross... 29 Those passing by were hurling abuse at Him, wagging their heads, and saying, “Ha! You who are going to destroy the temple and rebuild it in three days, 30 save Yourself, and come down from the cross!”
In addition, the location was next to a garden.
- John 19:41, "Now in the place where He was crucified there was a garden, and in the garden a new tomb in which no one had yet been laid."
- 1. Elwell, Walter A., and Philip Wesley Comfort. Tyndale Bible Dictionary. Tyndale Reference Library. Wheaton, IL: Tyndale House Publishers, 2001.