Chronological List of Major Greek New Testament Manuscripts

by Luke Wayne
10/31/18
Return to King James Onlyism

There are thousands of Greek New Testament manuscripts, hundreds of which are from the earliest centuries, so this list is far from exhaustive. Indeed, it barely scratches the surface. Still, it is helpful to familiarize ourselves with some of the copies that come up most often in text-critical discussions and some that provide especially early attestation of particular New Testament books.

Date

Name

Abbreviation

Comments

Second Century Papyrus 54 P52 Small fragment from John's Gospel
Usually dated around 125 AD, making it the oldest known manuscript
Second Century Papyrus 90 P90 Small fragment of John's Gospel
Second Century Papyrus 104 P104 Small fragment of the Matthew
Late 2nd/Early 3rd Century Papyrus 4 P4 Early fragments containing portions of Luke 1-6
Considered by many scholars to be part of the same manuscript as P64 and P67
Late 2nd/Early 3rd Century Papyrus 64 P64 Early fragments containing portions of Matthew 3-5
Considered by many scholars to be part of the same manuscript as P4 and P67
Late 2nd/Early 3rd Century Papyrus 67 P67 Early fragments containing portions of Matthew 25-26
Considered by many scholars to be part of the same manuscript as P64 and P4
Late 2nd/Early 3rd Century Uncial 0189 0189 Small fragment of the Book of Acts
Late 2nd/Early 3rd Century Papyrus 66 P66 Fragmentary copy of the Gospel of John
Late 2nd/Early 3rd Century Papyrus 46 P46 Contains portions of most of Paul's letters
Includes the Book of Hebrews
Late 2nd/Early 3rd Century Papyrus 75 P75 Contains large portions of Luke and John
Late 2nd/Early 3rd Century Papyrus 20 P20 Small fragment of the Book of James
Late 2nd/Early 3rd Century Papyrus 98 P98 Small fragment of Revelation
3rd Century Papyrus 45 P45 Contains portions of each of the four gospels and of Acts
Oldest surviving manuscript of the Gospel of Mark
3rd Century Papyrus 47 P47 Contains significant portion of Revelation
Late 3rd/Early Fourth Century Uncial 0171 0171 Contains Portions of Matthew and Luke
Late 3rd/Early Fourth Century Papyrus 115 P115 Contains significant portion of Revelation
Late 3rd/Early Fourth Century Papyrus 72 P72 Contains 1 & 2 Peter and Jude
Late 3rd/Early Fourth Century Papyrus 100 P100 Fragment of the Book of James
Fourth Century Codex Sinaiticus א Contains the entire New Testament
Fourth Century Codex Vaticanus B Contains the majority of the New Testament
Late Fourth/Early Fifth Century Codex Washintonianus W Contains the four Gospels
Fifth Century Codex Alexandrinus A Contains the entire New Testament
Fifth Century Codex Ephraemi Rescriptus C Contains the entire New Testament
Manuscript is a palimpsest (original text was erased and the pages reused, though technology allows us to see the original).
Fifth Century Codex Freerianus I Contains the Pauline Epistles
Fifth Century Codex Guelferbytanus B Q Contains portions of Luke and John
Fifth Century Codex Borgianus T Contains portions of Luke and John
Has the text in both Greek and Sahidic Coptic
Fifth Century Uncial 048 048 Contains Acts, the Pauline Epistles, and the General Epistles
Fifth Century Codex Bezae Cantabrigensis D Contains the Gospels and Acts
Has the text in both Latin and Greek, in parallel columns
Shares an abbreviation with Codex Claromontanus
Sixth Century Codex Claromontanus D Contains the Pauline Epistles
Has the text in both Latin and Greek, in parallel columns
Shares an abbreviation with Codex Bezae Cantabrigensis
Sixth Century Codex Laudianus E Contains the Book of Acts
Shares an abbreviation with Codex Basilensis
Sixth Century Codex Coislinianus H Contains the Pauline Epistles
Shares an abbreviation with Codex Seidelianus II and Codex Mutinensis
Sixth Century Codex Petropolitanus Purpureus N Contains the Gospels
The pages of this manuscript were decoratively dyed purple
Sixth Century Codex Sinopensis O Contains Matthew
In addition to the text, this manuscript also contained illustrations.
Sixth Century Codex Nitriensis R Contains Luke
Manuscript is a palimpsest (original text was erased and the pages reused, though technology allows us to see the original).
Eighth Century Codex Regius L Contains the Gospels
Shares an abbreviation with Codex Angelicus
Eighth Century Uncial 047 047 Contains the Gospels
Eighth Century Codex Basilensis E Contains the Gospels
Shares an abbreviation with Codex Laudianus
Ninth Century Codex Boreelianus F Contains the Gospels
Shares an abbreviation with Codex Augiensis 
Ninth Century Codex Augiensis F Contains the Pauline Epistles
Has the text in both Latin and Greek, in parallel columns
Shares an abbreviation with Codex Boreelianus
Ninth Century Codex Seidelianus II H Contains the Gospels
Shares an abbreviation with Codex Coislinianus and Codex Mutinensis
Ninth Century Codex Mutinensis H Contains the Book of Acts
Some significant gaps in the text due to damamge
Shares an abbreviation with Codex Coislinianus and Codex Seidelianus II
Ninth Century Codex Angelicus L Contains most of the Book of Acts, the General Epistles, and the Book of Romans
Shares an abbreviation with Codex Regius 
Ninth Century Codex Sangellensis Δ Contains the Gospels
Contains the text in both Greek and Latin
Ninth Century Codex Coridethianus Θ Contains the Gospels
Ninth Century Codex Petropolitanus Π Contains the Gospels
There are numerous gaps in the text due to damage
14th/15th Century Minuscule 629 629 Contains the entire New Testament
Has the text in both Latin and Greek
The Greek text appears to have been shaped by the Latin
Earliest manuscript to contain the Comma Johanneum of 1 John 5:7-8 in the Greek text
16th Century Codex Montfortianus 61 Contains the entire New Testament
Manuscript cited by Erasmus in his decision to add the Comma Johanneum of 1 John 5:7-8
Erasmus called this manuscript Codex Britannicus