List of archaic words in the KJV and their modern equivalents

by Luke Wayne
Return to King James Onlyism

This list is far from exhaustive, but provides an adequate sample of the words found in the KJV which are rarely if ever used in modern English

Word Definition Sample Verse Alternative Translations
Abjects Vile or degraded men; outcasts Psalm 35:15 Smiters (NASB), Wretches (ESV), Attackers (NKJV), Assailants (NIV, MEV, CSB)
Acceptation Acceptance; approval 1 Timothy 4:9 Acceptance (NASB, ESV, NIV, NKJV, MEV, CSB)
Adamant A very hard rock or mineral Zechariah 7:12 Flint (NASB, NIV), Diamond (ESV, MEV), Rock (CSB)
Affright To scare or frighten 2 Chronicles 32:18 Frighten (NASB, ESV, NKJV, MEV, CSB), Terrify (NIV)
Afore Prior to; before Ezekiel 33:22 Before (NASB, ESV, NIV, NKJV, MEV, CSB)
Agone Earlier; Ago 1 Samuel 30:13 Ago (NASB, ESV, NIV, NKJV, MEV, CSB)
Ague Fever Leviticus 26:16 Fever (NASB, ESV, NIV, NKJV, MEV, CSB)
Ambassage A message or a party of messengers Luke 14:32 Delegation (NASB, ESV, NIV, NKJV, MEV, CSB)
Amerce To impose a fine as punishment Deuteronomy 22:19 Fine (NASB, ESV, NIV, NKJV, MEV, CSB)
Angle Fishhook Habakkuk 1:15 Hook (NASB, ESV, NIV, NKJV, MEV, CSB)
Anon Right away; Immediately Mark 1:30 Immediately (NASB, ESV, NIV, MEV), At once (NKJV, CSB)
Appertain Related to; Belonging to; Pertaining to Numbers 16:30 Is theirs (NASB) Belongs to them (ESV, NIV, NKJV, MEV, CSB)
Array (1) To set in order or to place things or people in proper arrangement.

(2) to clothe or dress in garments, often decorative or ceremonial.
(1) 1 Samuel 17:2

(2) 2 Chronicles 28:15
(1) Drew up in line of battle (ESV, NIV), drew up in battle order (MEV), Lined up in battle formation (CSB)

(2) Clothed (NASB, ESV, NIV, NKJV, MEV, CSB)
Assayed Attempted; Tried; Tested Acts 16:7 Tried (NASB, NIV, NKJV, MEV, CSB) Attempted (ESV)
Astonied Dazed; Bewildered; Taken by surprise Jeremiah 14:9 Confused (ESV) Dismayed (NASB, MEV) Taken by Surprise (NIV)Astonished (NKJV) Helpless (CSB)
Barked Removed the bark from; Stripped bare Joel 1:7 Stripped them bare (NASB, NKJV), Stripped off their bark (ESV, NIV, MEV, CSB)
Beeves Domestic bovines; Cattle or Oxen Numbers 31:28 Cattle (NASB, NIV, NKJV, CSB) Oxen (ESV, MEV)
Belied Lied about; Spoke falsely against Jeremiah 5:12 Lied about (NASB, ESV, NIV, NKJV, MEV), Contradicted (CSB)
Besom Broom Isaiah 14:23 Broom (NASB, ESV, NIV, NKJV, MEV, CSB)
Bethink Come to one's senses; Reconsider. 2 Chronicles 6:37 Have a change of heart (NASB, NIV), Turn their hearts (ESV, MEV), Come to themselves (NKJV) Come to their senses (CSB)
Betimes Early; Prior to a deadline; Before it's too late; Urgently; Persistently Genesis 26:31 Early (NASB, ESV, NIV, NKJV, MEV, CSB)
Bewray Reveal; give away a secret Isaiah 16:3 Reveal (ESV), Betray (NASB, NIV, NKJV, MEV, CSB)
Blains Blisters, sores, or boils Exodus 9:9 Sores (NASB, ESV, NKJV), Blisters (MEV, CSB)
Bolled Producing or bearing small, round seed pods Exodus 9:31 In bud (NASB, ESV, NKJV, MEV), in bloom (NIV) budding (CSB).
Bolster Pillow or head support 1 Samuel 19:13 Pillow (ESV, MEV) Quilt (NASB).1
Bondman A slave; A person in bondage Genesis 44:33 Slave (NASB, NIV, NKJV, MEV, CSB), Servant (ESV)
Botch Bulge, boil, tumor, swollen area Deuteronomy 28:27 Boils (NASB, ESV, NIV, NKJV, MEV, CSB)
Brigandine Armor or protective clothing Jeremiah 51:3 Armor (ESV, NIV, NKJV, CSB), Scale-armor (NASB, MEV)
Bruit Report; rumor; sound; noise Nahum 3:19 News (ESV, NIV, NKJV, MEV, CSB)
Buffet To hit, strike, or pummel, generally with one's fist. Mark 14:65 Beat (NASB, NKJV, CSB), Strike (ESV, MEV) Struck...with their fists (NIV)
Caul (1) Tissue around an internal organ, or the protective casing thereto (such as the chest cavity or ribcage is for the heart).

(2) Close-fitting cloth garment worn on the head by women
(1) Hosea 13:8

(2)Isaiah 3:18
(1) Chest (NASB), Breast (ESV), Rib cage (NKJV, MEV, CSB)

(2) Headbands (NASB, ESV, NIV, MEV, CSB), Scarves (NKJV)
Chambering Sexual immorality or indulgence. Promiscuous fornication. Romans 13:13 Sexual promiscuity (NASB), Sexual immorality (ESV, NIV), Lewdness (NKJV), Immorality (MEV), Sexual impurity (CSB)
Chamberlain A chief servant, typically a eunuch, who is in charge of the royal women or the king's quarters. Esther 1:15 Eunuch (NASB, ESV, NIV, NKJV, MEV, CSB)
Chapiter The upper part of a column or pillar. Exodus 36:38 Tops (NASB, NIV, MEV, CSB) Capitals (ESV, NKJV)
Chapmen Merchants, traders, peddlers, those who deal in goods 2 Chronicles 9:14 Traders (NASB, NIV, NKJV, CSB), Explorers (ESV, MEV).
Choler Intense anger; Fury; Wrath Daniel 11:11 Enraged (NASB) Rage (ESV, NIV, NKJV, MEV) Infuriated (CSB)
Churl One who is harsh, uncaring, and of vile character Isaiah 32:5 Rogue (NASB, MEV) Scoundrel (ESV, NIV, CSB) Miser (NKJV)
Clouts Scrap cloth used to repair holes in tents or garments; Patch cloth Jeremiah 38:11 Worn-out clothes (NASB, ESV, NIV, MEV, CSB), Old clothes (NKJV)
Cogitations Considerations, reflections, inner thoughts Daniel 7:28 Thoughts (NASB, ESV, NIV, NKJV, MEV, CSB)
Collop A fold or roll of flesh or fat Job 15:27 Heavy with flesh/fat (NASB/NKJV) Gathered fat (ESV, MEV), Bulges (NIV, CSB)
Comely (1) Appropriate, proper, becoming, fitting, right

(2) Attractive in appearance; Beautiful
(1)1 Corinthians 11:13

(2) Jeremiah 6:2
(1) Proper (NASB, ESV, NKJV, MEV, NIV, CSB)

(2)  Lovely (ESV, NKJV), Beautiful (NIV, CSB)
Concision Cutting up or mutilation Philippians 3:2 Mutilate (ESV, CSB), Mutilation (NIV, MEV), Mutilators (NKJV) False Circumcision (NASB)
Concupiscence  Lust or passionate desire Romans 7:8 Covetousness (ESV) Coveting (NASB, NIV, MEV, CSB) Desire (NKJV)
Confectionaries Those who make perfumes and fragrant oils 1 Samuel 8:13 Perfumers (NASB, ESV, NIV, NKJV, MEV, CSB)
Contemn To despise or mock Psalm 10:13 Spurned (NASB), Renounce (ESV, NKJV) Revile (NIV), Despise (MEV, CSB)
Cotes Enclosures or stables for animals 2 Chronicles 32:28 Sheepfolds (NASB, ESV), Pens (NIV, CSB), Folds (NKJV), Stalls, (MEV)
Countervail To be or make equal; To supply equal compensation for something Esther 7:4 Commensurate with (NASB), Compensate for (NKJV), sufficient to (MEV), Sufficient to (ESV)
Covert A shelter or hiding place Isaiah 16:4 Hiding place (NASB, MEV), Shelter (ESV, NIV, NKJV), Refuge (CSB)
Cruse an earthen pot or container, usually for storing liquids 1 Kings 14:3 Jar (NASB, ESV, NIV, NKJV, MEV, CSB)
Cumbered Weighed down or burdened by; by extension, singularly focused on or busy about Luke 10:40 Distracted (NASB, ESV, NIV, NKJV, MEV, CSB)
Dam A female parent; a mother, especially a mother animal Deuteronomy 22:6 Mother (NASB, ESV, NIV, NKJV, MEV, CSB)
Daub To cover or coat with an adhesive; to spread plaster or sealant on something Ezekiel 13:10 Plaster (NASB, NKJV, CSB), Smear (ESV), Cover (NIV)
Daysman One who authoritatively settles a dispute between two parties; a mediator Job 9:33 Umpire (NASB, Arbiter (ESV), Mediator (NKJV, MEV, CSB), Someone to mediate (NIV)
Dayspring Sunrise; Daybreak; Dawn Luke 1:78 Sunrise (NASB, ESV, MEV), The rising sun (NIV), Dawn (CSB)
Descry To see; To look at carefully; to perceive; To examine; To map out Judges 1:23 Spy (NASB, NIV, NKJV, MEV, CSB), Scout (ESV)
Discomfited Defeated in battle; scattered Judges 8:12 Routed (NASB, NIV, NKJV, CSB), Terrified (MEV)
Dissembled To present something in a false or misleading manner; Conceal the truth Joshua 7:11 Deceived (NASB, NKJV, CSB), Lied (ESV, NIV) Acted deceitfully (MEV)
Doleful Sorrowful or mournful; by extension, crying out, moaning, or wailing Micah 2:4 Bitter (NASB, ESV, NKJV), Mournful (NIV, CSB), Wailing (MEV)
Draught house A public toilet; A latrine; and outhouse 2 Kings 10:27 Latrine (NASB, ESV, NIV, MEV, CSB), Refuse dump (NKJV)
Durst Dared Matthew 22:46 Dare (NASB, ESV, NKJV, MEV), Dared (NIV, CSB)
Emerods Tumors or growths on the flesh related to illness 1 Samuel 5:6 Tumors (NASB, ESV, NIV, NKJV, MEV, CSB)
Ensample Example 2 Peter 2:6 Example (NASB, ESV, NIV, NKJV, MEV, CSB)
Ensue To follow after; Pursue 1 Peter 3:11 Pursue (NASB, ESV, NIV, NKJV, MEV, CSB)
Espied Scouted out; Spied on; Discovered or explored Ezekiel 20:6 Selected (NASB, MEV), Searched out (ESV, NIV, NKJV, CSB)
Exactors Ones who exact taxes or tribute (i.e. a governor or ruler) Isaiah 60:17 Overseers (NASB, CSB), Taskmaster (ESV), Governor (NIV), Magistrates (NKJV)
Fairs Wares; Goods; Products sold in commerce Ezekiel 27:27 Wares (NASB, ESV, MEV, NKJV) Merchandise (NIV, CSB)
Felloe The circular rim of the wheel to which the spokes connect 1 Kings 7:33 Rims (NASB, ESV, NIV, NKJV, MEV, CSB)
Firstling Firstborn, typically referring to an animal Deuteronomy 33:17 Firstborn (NASB, ESV, NIV, NKJV, MEV, CSB)
Fens Marshy lowlands or swamps Job 40:21 Marsh (NASB, ESV, NIV, NKJV, MEV, CSB)
Flagon A large bottle or container for liquids, especially alcoholic beverages Song of Solomon 2:5 Jars (NASB, NIV, MEV, CSB), Pitchers (NKJV)
Flay To strip off or remove the skin from the body, whether of an animal or a person; To skin a body Leviticus 1:6 Skin (NASB, NIV, NKJV, MEV, CSB)
Forswear to swear falsely; to commit perjury; to deny the truth under oath Matthew 5:33 Make false vows (NASB), Swear falsely (ESV, NKJV, MEV), Break your oath (NIV, CSB)
Fray to frighten or scare Jeremiah 7:33 Frighten (NASB, ESV, NIV, NKJV, MEV), Scare (CSB)
Gad/Gaddest to move or wander about aimlessly from one place to another Jeremiah 2:36 Go around (NASB), Go about (ESV, NIV, MEV)
Grisled Speckled or spotted; Dappled Zechariah 6:3 Dappled (NASB, ESV, NIV, NKJV, MEV, CSB)
Habergeon A coat of mail armor that primarily guards the neck and torso. Nehemiah 4:16 Breastplates (NASB), Coats of mail (ESV), Armor (NIV, NKJV, CSB), Body armor (MEV)
Haft A handle, particularly of a sword or dagger; A hilt Judges 3:22 Handle (NASB, NIV, CSB), Hilt (ESV, NKJV, MEV)
Hale Drag, pull, or haul; By extension, to compel or force someone to come or go Luke 12:58 Drag (NASB, ESV, NIV, NKJV, MEV, CSB)
Haply Perhaps Mark 11:13 Perhaps (NASB, NKJV, MEV)2
Harrow To break up or till soil; to plow Job 39:10 Plow (NKJV, MEV, CSB), Till (NIV)
Hart A deer, especially a male deer; A buck or stag Deuteronomy 12:15 Deer (NASB, ESV, NIV, NKJV, MEV, CSB)
Hoar White in color; Whitened or grayed with age 1 Kings 2:6 Grey (NASB, ESV, NIV, NKJV, MEV, CSB)
Holden Held; By extension, hindered or restrained Luke 24:16 Prevented (NASB, CSB), Kept (ESV, NIV, MEV) Restrained (NKJV)
Holpen Past participle of help Isaiah 31:3 Helped (NASB, ESV, NIV, NKJV, MEV, CSB)
Hosen Garments covering each the legs; Breeches, pants, or trousers Daniel 3:21 Trousers (NASB, NIV, NKJV, MEV, CSB)
Hough To cut the tendons of the leg; To hamstring Joshua 11:6 Hamstring (NASB, ESV, NIV, NKJV, MEV, CSB)
Husbandman Farmer 2 Timothy 2:6 Farmer (NASB, ESV, NIV, NKJV, MEV, CSB)
Implead Sue; Prosecute; Take to court Acts 19:38 Bring charges (NASB, ESV, NKJV, CSB), Press charges (NIV, MEV)
Importunity Urgency and persistence in solicitation or request Luke 11:8 Persistence (NASB, NKJV, MEV), Impudence (ESV), Shameless audacity (NIV), Shameless boldness (CSB)
Inditing Dictating something to be written down Psalm 45:1 Address (NASB, ESV), Recite (NIV, NKJV, CSB), Speaking (MEV)
Jangling Producing a harsh, disagreeable sound; By extension, quarreling and arguing 1 Timothy 1:6 Fruitless discussion, (NASB, CSB), Vain discussion (ESV), Meaningless talk (NIV), Idle talk (NKJV), Empty talk (MEV)
Jot The smallest part of a thing; the least component or piece Matthew 5:18 The smallest letter (NASB, NIV, CSB), Iota, (ESV), Dot (MEV)
Kine Cows; Cattle Deuteronomy 28:51 Herds (NASB, ESV, NIV, MEV, CSB), Cattle (NKJV)
Knop An ornamental knob; By extension, the buds of a flowering plant 1 Kings 7:24 Bulbs, (NASB, MEV), Buds (NIV, CSB), Calyxes (ESV).
Lade To load or place a burden upon Genesis 44:13 Load (NASB, ESV, NIV, NKJV, MEV, CSB)
Lees Matter that settles in liquid; the dregs Jeremiah 48:11 Dregs (NASB, ESV, NIV, NKJV, MEV, CSB)
Listeth Chooses; Wills; Wants; Inclines itself to John 3:8 Wishes (NASB, ESV, NKJV, MEV), Pleases (NIV, CSB)
Lusty Healthy; Strong; hearty; Vigorous Judges 3:29 Robust (NASB), Strong (ESV, MEV), Vigorous (NIV), Stout (NKJV, CSB)
Mammon Riches; Possessions; Material wealth Luke 16:9 Wealth (NASB, ESV, NIV, MEV, CSB)
Mantle A cloak, cape, or covering garment 1 Samuel 15:27 Robe (NASB, ESV, NIV, NKJV, MEV, CSB)
Marishes Marshes or ponds Ezekiel 47:11 Marches (NASB, ESV, NIV, NKJV, MEV, CSB)
Matrix Womb Numbers 18:15 Womb (NASB, ESV, NIV, NKJV, MEV)
Maw The stomach or innards of an animal Deuteronomy 18:3 Stomach (NASB, ESV, MEV, CSB) Internal organs (NIV, NKJV)
Meteyard A rod to measure length Leviticus 19:35 Measure of length (ESV, MEV), Measurement of length (NKJV, CSB), Measuring length (NIV)
Mote A very small particle; A speck or tiny fragment Luke 6:41 Speck (NASB, ESV, NKJV, MEV), Speck of sawdust (NIV), Splinter (CSB)
Murrain A plague, pestilence, or disease, often one that affects cattle or livestock Exodus 9:3 Pestilence (NASB, NKJV, MEV), Plague (ESV, NIV, CSB)
Neesings Sneezing or snorting Job 41:18 Sneezing (NASB, ESV, NKJV, MEV), Snorting (NIV, CSB)
Nether Lower Ezekiel 31:14 Beneath (NASB), Below (ESV, NIV), Depths (NKJV), under (CSB)
Nitre A nitrate compound (usually sodium nitrate or potassium nitrate) used in fertilizers, preservatives, and explosives. Jeremiah 2:22 Lye (NASB, NKJV, MEV, ESV, CSB), Cleansing powder (NIV)
Noisome Noxious; Harmful; Highly Obnoxious; Offensive to the senses Ezekiel 14:15 Deadly (NASB, ESV, NIV, MEV), Perilous (NKJV), Destructive (CSB)
Obeisance To show respect, honor, or worship through bodily posture, usually by bowing or prostrating before someone Genesis 37:7 Bowed down (NASB, ESV, NIV, NKJV, MEV, CSB)
Offscouring Filth; Refuse; By extension, a social outcast 1 Corinthians 4:13 Dregs (NASB), Refuse (ESV, MEV), Garbage (NIV, CSB)
Ouches Setting for a precious stone Exodus 28:13 Settings (NASB, ESV, NIV, NKJV, MEV, CSB)
Outgoings Outer areas; Surrounding limits or boundaries Joshua 17:18 Farthest borders (NASB, ESV), Farthest limits (NIV), Furthest extent (NKJV), Borders (MEV), Outlying areas (CSB)
Outwent Went or arrived before; Went faster; Outran Mark 6:33 Got there ahead (NASB, ESV, NIV), Arrived before (NKJV), Arrived first (MEV), Arrived ahead (CSB)
Paps Breasts; Breast area; Chest Revelation 1:13 Chest (NASB, ESV, NIV, NKJV, MEV, CSB)
Paramour Lovers, often particularly illicit or adulterous lovers Ezekiel 23:20 Lovers (ESV, NIV, CSB)
Pate The crown of the head Psalm 7:16 Skull (ESV), Head (NIV), Crown (NKJV), Crown of his own head (MEV), Top of his head (CSB)
Patrimony An estate or inheritance passed down from father to son, often over generations Deuteronomy 18:8 Fathers’ estates (NASB), Family possessions (NIV), Inheritance (NKJV), Family possessions (NIV), Father's inheritance (MEV), Family estate (CSB)
Penury Poverty, lack, or destitution Proverbs 14:23 Poverty (NASB, ESV, NIV, NKJV, MEV, CSB)
Peradventure Perhaps, possibly, it may be Genesis 24:39 Suppose (NASB, CSB), Perhaps (ESV, NKJV, MEV), What if (NIV)
Pilled Peeled, stripped, made smooth or bald Genesis 30:37 Peeled (NASB, ESV, NIV, NKJV, MEV, CSB)
Plaiting Braiding; Something braided 1 Peter 3:3 Braiding (NASB, ESV, MEV), Arranging the hair (NKJV), Elaborate hairstyles (NIV)
Polled Cutting hair from the head 2 Samuel 14:26 Cut (NASB, ESV, NIV, NKJV, MEV), Shaved (CSB)
Prating Talking excessively or pointlessly; Babbling; Chattering 3 John 1:10 Talking wicked nonsense (ESV), Spreading malicious nonsense, (NIV), Ranting (MEV), Unjustly accusing (NASB), Slandering (CSB)
Pricks Spines; Spikes; Thorns Numbers 33:55  Barbs (ESV, NIV, CSB), Thorns (MEV), Irritants (NKJV)
Privily In a private manner; Secretly Matthew 1:19 Secretly (NASB, NKJV, CSB), Quietly (ESV, NIV), Privately (MEV)
Publicans People who collect public funds such as taxes, tolls, or tribute Luke 3:12 Tax collectors (NASB, ESV, NIV, NKJV, MEV, CSB)
Purloining Stealing, pilfering, or taking dishonestly Titus 2:10 Pilfering (NASB, ESV, NKJV), Stealing (NIV, MEV, CSB)
Purtenance Entrails; Innards; Internal organs, especially the liver, heart, and lungs Exodus 12:9 Entrails (NASB, NKJV, MEV), Inner parts (ESV),  Internal organs (NIV), Inner organs (CSB)
Quaternion A group of four people or things Acts 12:4 Squads (NASB, ESV, NKJV, MEV), Squads of four (NIV, CSB)
Rampart Fortification; Structure serving as a bulwark or defense Nahum 3:8 Wall (NASB, NIV, NKJV, MEV, CSB)
Ravin Plunder or prey obtained by violence  Nahum 2:12 Torn flesh (NASB, ESV), Prey (NIV), Flesh (NKJV, MEV), Mauled prey (CSB)
Redound Produce a result 2 Corinthians 4:15 Cause (NASB, CSB), Overflow (NIV, MEV), Abound (NKJV)
Requite Repay; Return; Equally compensate; Retaliate Deuteronomy 32:6 Repay (NASB, ESV, NIV, MEV, CSB), Deal with (NKJV)
Rereward Located or positioned at the rear 1 Samuel 29:2 In the rear (NASB, ESV, MEV), At the rear (NIV, NKJV), In review behind (CSB)
Ringstraked Streaked or striped around the whole Genesis 30:35 Striped (NASB, ESV), Streaked (NIV, MEV, CSB), Speckled (NKJV)
Sackbut A stringed musical instrument Daniel 3:5 Trigon (NASB, ESV), Harp (NIV, CSB), Lyre (NKJV)
Scall Any disease of the scalp resulting in scabs and itching Leviticus 13:30 Defiling skin disease (NIV), Scaly leprosy (NKJV, MEV), An itch (ESV), A scale (NASB), Scaly outbreak (CSB)
Servitor One who is at the service of another; An attendant 2 Kings 4:43 Attendant (NASB, CSB), Servant (ESV, NIV, NKJV, MEV)
Shambles A butcher's shop, slaughterhouse, or place for buying meat. 1 Corinthians 10:25 Meat market (NASB, ESV, NIV, NKJV, MEV, CSB)
Sheepcote A pen or enclosure for sheep 1 Samuel 24:3 Sheepfolds (NASB, ESV, NKJV), Sheep pens (NIV, MEV, CSB)
Shew Show, present, demonstrate 1 Timothy 6:15 Bring about (NASB, NIV, CSB), Display (ESV), Manifest (NKJV), Reveal (MEV)
Sith Since Ezekiel 35:6 Since (NASB, NIV, NKJV, MEV, CSB), Because (ESV)
Sleight Skill, cunning, trickery, deceit Ephesians 4:14 Trickery (NASB, NKJV, MEV), Cunning (ESV, CSB)
Sodden Cook by boiling Exodus 12:9 Boiled (NASB, ESV, NIV, NKJV, MEV), Cooked in boiling water (CSB)
Sottish Poor in judgment or stupefied as if drunk; Foolish like a drunkard Jeremiah 4:22 Stupid (NASB, ESV), Senseless (NIV), Silly (NKJV), Foolish (MEV, CSB)
Stanched To stop the flow of a liquid Luke 8:44 Stopped (NASB, NIV. NKJV, CSB), Ceased (ESV), Dried up (MEV)
Staves Rods or poles, typically of wood; An archaic plural of "staff;" By extension, clubs, spears, javelins, and virtually any other objects made from a single wooden shaft Exodus 25:13 Poles (NASB, ESV, NIV, NKJV, MEV, CSB)
Stomacher An ornate garment that covers the stomach and chest Isaiah 3:24 Fine clothes (NASB, NIV, MEV, CSB), Rich robe (ESV, NKJV)
Strowed Scattered or strewn about 2 Chronicles 34:4 Scattered (NASB, ESV, NIV, NKJV, MEV, CSB)
Sup To dine; To eat, typically by sitting down for a meal Luke 17:8 Eat (NASB, MEV, CSB), Supper (ESV, NIV, NKJV).
Supple To make soft or flexible; By extension, to wash the skin with water Ezekiel 16:4 Cleanse (NASB, ESV, NKJV, MEV), Make clean (NIV), Washed clean (CSB)
Suppliants People who plead or petition; By extension, worshipers Zephaniah 3:10 Worshipers (NASB, ESV, NIV, NKJV, MEV), Supplicants (CSB)
Surfeiting To overindulge or do to excess, particularly in eating and drinking Luke 21:34 Dissipation (NASB, ESV), Carousing (NIV, NKJV, CSB) Excessiveness (MEV)
Taches Buckles or clasps Exodus 26:6 Clasps (NASB, ESV, NIV, NKJV, MEV, CSB)
Thitherward To that place; Toward there Romans 15:24 There (NASB, ESV, NIV, NKJV, MEV, CSB)
Trode Walked or stomped upon; An archaic past-tense form of "tread" Luke 12:1 Stepping (NASB), Trampling (ESV, NIV, NKJV, MEV, CSB)
Trow To believe; To suppose; To think; To trust Luke 17:9 Think (NKJV, MEV)3
Unction An act of anointing or of treating a wound with salve 1 John 2:20 Anointing (NASB, ESV, NIV, NKJV, MEV, CSB)
Untoward Perverse or improper Acts 2:40 Perverse (NASB, NKJV, MEV), Crooked (ESV), Corrupt (NIV, CSB)
Vaunt To boast, brag, or speak vaingloriously Judges 7:2 Boast (NASB, ESV, NIV), Claim glory (NKJV), Glorify themselves (MEV), Elevate themselves (CSB)
Verity Truth; Something that is true; The quality of being true; Truthfulness 1 Timothy 2:7 Truth (NASB, ESV, NKJV, MEV, CSB), True (NIV)
Victuals Provisions of food; Food supplies Leviticus 25:37 Food (NASB, ESV, NIV, NKJV, MEV, CSB)
Visage Appearance Isaiah 52:14 Appearance (NASB, ESV, NIV, CSB)
Wen A growth, cyst, or tumor on the skin Leviticus 22:22 Running sore (NASB, CSB), Itch (ESV). Wart (NIV), Ulcer (NKJV, MEV)
Wimples An outer garment, covering, or veil wrapped about the head or body Isaiah 3:22 Cloaks (NASB, ESV, NIV, MEV, CSB), Outer garments (NKJV)
Winefat A contained area where grapes are tread for making wine; A winepress Mark 12:1 Winepress (NASB, ESV, NIV, MEV, CSB), Wine vat (NKJV)
Wist Past participle of "wit," an archaic verb for "to know" Exodus 34:29 Know (NASB, ESV, NKJV, MEV), Aware (NIV, CSB)
Withs Twigs or fibers twisted or braided together to make a rope or cord Judges 16:7 Cords (NASB), Bowstrings (NIV, ESV, NKJV, MEV, CSB)
Wont Accustomed; In the pattern of; Used to 1 Samuel 30:31 Accustomed (NASB, NKJV), Had (ESV, NIV, MEV, CSB)



  • 1. The NIV, NKJV, and CSB interpret the Hebrew phrase as saying that the goat hair was braided and placed on the head rather than under it as a pillow.
  • 2. The particle ἄρα is left untranslated in this verse in most other modern translations, just as it is in numerous other verses in the KJV.
  • 3. Most other modern translations have no equivalent word because they are based on manuscripts that do not contain the three words "αὐτῷ οὐ δοκῶ," which mean "I do not think [so]," or "I think not."