by Matt Slick
Following is a proposed chart that offers a layout of Biblical orthodoxy. It is designed to help categorize various doctrines into levels of importance. I admit that some of these are debatable, and I do not claim absolute correctness on all points--only the essentials. It is an attempt to develop an understanding based on what Scripture actually says rather than what a lot of people like to declare is essential. This chart is a suggestion which, I hope, will aid people in discerning what is essential from what is not essential.
I divide Christian theology into two categories: Primary and Secondary Essentials. Primary essentials are doctrines the Scriptures explicitly declare are essential. But, with the secondary essentials the Scriptures do not make such statements. The secondary essentials are derived from the primary essentials and properly define orthodoxy.
C H R I S T I A N - D O C T R I N E
|Groups denying these:|
Christian Science--1, 2, 3, 4.
Islam--1, 2, 3, 4
Jehovah's Witnesses--1, 2, 3.
Mormonism--3, 4, 5.
Stated specifically in Scripture that these cannot be denied and still be a Christian. They deal with the nature of God, the atonement, and its method of salvation applied to the believer. Denial of any Primary essential constitutes lack of regeneration, lack of salvation. Note: Regeneration means the believer is indwelt by God, changed, and enabled to understand spiritual things (1 Cor. 2:15)
1) Jesus is both God and man (John 1:1, 14, 8:24, Col. 2:9, 1 John 4:1-4).
|Comments: Denial of any of the above doctrines as stated in Scripture constitutes being non-Christian.|
|Groups denying these:|
Not stated in Scripture as essential but are derivatively essential since they deal with accurately describing the true God and they are based, in part, on the Primary Essentials. Denial strongly suggests lack of regeneration.
|Comments: God is a Trinity. And though a person may not understand or initially affirm the Trinity doctrine upon regeneration, he will eventually come to accept it since it is a Biblically true revelation describing the true God. Jesus was born of a virgin which is essential when defending the two natures of Jesus: divine and human. If Jesus were not born of a virgin, then His patronage would be in doubt as well as His divine nature. Without a divine nature, Jesus would not be able to atone for the sins of the world.|
|Most Groups affirm:|
Moral integrity, marriage fidelity, inerrancy, etc.
Islam denies--12 and 13
ICOC denies 13.
(1 John 2:4). Denying these can bring one's salvation into question since the regenerate seek to live according to God's Word. Violating them does not automatically mean the person is not saved since Christians fall into various sins. However, abiding in sins with unrepentance would be evidence that the person is not regenerated.
9) Moral integrity (Exodus 20:1-17).
|Comments: The fruit of the indwelling Spirit of God is agreement in word and deed with the Scriptures. The Primary Non-Essentials are those teachings that the Bible does not declare as essential to salvation, however, to affirm otherwise is evidence of lack of regeneration since they are the fruit of the regenerate mind and heart.|
Denominational difference often result due to these issues.
Any of them can be denied or affirmed, and regeneration is not in questioned.
14) Predestination, election, limited atonement, and free will.
|Comments: The subjects in the Secondary Non-Essentials area whether affirmed or denied have no bearing on the status of a person before God. They are opinions--various positions held. Unfortunately, it is in these non-essentials that many denominational differences result.|
|Liberal interpretation problem.|
Examples of bad Biblical interpretations.
These do not contradict the essentials but do contradict non-essential teachings.
22) Universalism (See, Can a Christian be a universalist?)
|Comments: Affirming the doctrines in this grey section are signs of significant lack of understanding of Biblical theology. Nevertheless, believing them does not negate salvation.|