Chronology of early Islam

moon phases

by Matt Slick

Notice how closely Islam's inception is associated with war. From 623 to 777, a span of 154 years, there are 83 military conflicts involving the Muslims . . . and that is just what I have recorded here.  Is Islam a religion of peace?  Muslims tell me it is.  But . . .

  • 570--Birth of Muhammad in Mecca into the tribe of Quraish.
  • 577--Muhammad's mother dies.
  • 580--Death of Abdul Muttalib, Muhammad's grandfather.
  • 583--First journey to Syria with a trading Caravan.
  • 595--Muhammad marries Khadijah, a rich widow several years older than him.
  • 595--Second journey to Syra.
  • 598--His son, Qasim, is born.
  • 600--His daughter, Zainab, is born.
  • 603--His daughter, Um-e-Kalthum, is born.
  • 604--His daughter, Ruqayya, is born.
  • 605--Placement of Black Stone in Ka'aba.
  • 605--His daughter, Fatima, is born.
  • 610--Mohammed, in a cave on Mt. Hira, hears the angel Gabriel tell him that 
    Allah is the only true God.
  • 613--Muhammad's first public preaching of Islam at Mt. Hira; gets few converts.
  • 615--Muslims persecuted by the Quraish.
  • 619--Marries Sau'da and Aisha.
  • 620--Institution of five daily prayers.
  • 622--Muhammad immigrates from Mecca to Medina, which was then called Yathrib, gets
    more converts.
  • 623--Battle of Waddan.
  • 623--Battle of Safwan.
  • 623--Battle of Dul-'Ashir.
  • 624--Muhammad and converts begin raids on caravans to fund the movement.
  • 624--Zakat becomes mandatory.
  • 624--Battle of Badr.
  • 624--Battle of Bani Salim.
  • 624--Battle of Eid-ul-Fitr and Zakat-ul-Fitr.
  • 624--Battle of Bani Qainuqa'.
  • 624--Battle of Sawiq.
  • 624--Battle of Ghatfan.
  • 624--Battle of Bahran.
  • 625--Battle of Uhud; 70 Muslims are killed.
  • 625--Battle of Humra-ul-Asad.
  • 625--Battle of Banu Nudair.
  • 625--Battle of Dhatur-Riqa.
  • 626--Battle of Badru-Ukhra.
  • 626--Battle of Dumatul-Jandal.
  • 626--Battle of Banu Mustalaq Nikah.
  • 627--Battle of the Trench.
  • 627--Battle of Ahzab.
  • 627--Battle of Bani Quraiza.
  • 627--Battle of Bani Lahyan.
  • 627--Battle of Ghaiba.
  • 627--Battle of Khaibar.
  • 628--Muhammad signs treaty with Quraish.
  • 630--Muhammad conquers Mecca.
  • 630--Battle of Hunsin.
  • 630--Battle of Tabuk.
  • 632--Muhammad dies.
  • 632--Abu-Bakr, Muhammad's father-in-law, along with Umar, begin a military move to
    enforce Islam in Arabia.
  • 633--Battle at Oman.
  • 633--Battle at Hadramaut.
  • 633--Battle of Kazima.
  • 633--Battle of Walaja.
  • 633--Battle of Ulleis.
  • 633--Battle of Anbar.
  • 634--Battle of Basra.
  • 634--Battle of Damascus.
  • 634--Battle of Ajnadin.
  • 634--Death of Hadrat Abu Bakr. Hadrat Umar Farooq becomes the Caliph.
  • 634--Battle of Namaraq.
  • 634--Battle of Saqatia.
  • 635--Battle of Bridge.
  • 635--Battle of Buwaib.
  • 635--Conquest of Damascus.
  • 635--Battle of Fahl.
  • 636--Battle of Yermuk.
  • 636--Battle of Qadsiyia.
  • 636--Conquest of Madain.
  • 637--Battle of Jalula.
  • 638--Battle of Yarmouk.
  • 638--The Muslims defeat the Romans and enter Jerusalem.
  • 638--Conquest of Jazirah.
  • 639--Conquest of Khuizistan and movement into Egypt.
  • 641--Battle of Nihawand.
  • 642--Battle of Rayy in Persia.
  • 643--Conquest of Azarbaijan.
  • 644--Conquest of Fars.
  • 644--Conquest of Kharan.
  • 644--Umar is murdered.  Othman becomes the Caliph.
  • 647--Conquest of the island of Cypress.
  • 644--Uman dies and is succeeded by Caliph Uthman.
  • 648--Campaign against the Byzantines.
  • 651--Naval battle against the Byzantines.
  • 654--Islam spreads into North Africa.
  • 656--Uthman is murdered.  Ali become Caliph.
  • 658--Battle of Nahrawan.
  • 659--Conquest of Egypt.
  • 661--Ali is murdered.
  • 662--Egypt falls to Islam rule.
  • 666--Sicily is attacked by Muslims.
  • 677--Siege of Constantinople.
  • 687--Battle of Kufa.
  • 691--Battle of Deir ul Jaliq.
  • 700 --Sufism takes root as a sect of Islam.
  • 700--Military campaigns in North Africa.
  • 702--Battle of Deir ul Jamira.
  • 711--Muslims invade Gibraltar.
  • 711--Conquest of Spain.
  • 713--Conquest of Multan.
  • 716--Invasion of Constantinople.
  • 732--Battle of Tours in France.
  • 740--Battle of the Nobles.
  • 741--Battle of Bagdoura in North Africa.
  • 744--Battle of Ain al Jurr.
  • 746--Battle of Rupar Thutha.
  • 748--Battle of Rayy.
  • 749--Battle of lsfahan.
  • 749--Battle of Nihawand.
  • 750--Battle of Zab.
  • 772--Battle of Janbi in North Africa.
  • 777--Battle of Saragossa in Spain.

References:

  • Miller, William M., A Christian's Response to Islam, Presbyterian and Reformed Publishing, Phillipsburg, New Jersey, 1976.
  • Geisler, Norman, Baker Encyclopedia of Christian Apologetics, Grand Rapids, Michigan, Baker Books, 1999.
  • Glasse, Cyril, The Concise Encyclopedia of Islam, Harper & Row, Publishers, Inc. San Francisco, 1989.
  • Morey, Robert, The Islamic Invasion, Harvest House Publishers, Eugene Oregon, 1992.

 

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About The Author

Matt Slick is the President and Founder of the Christian Apologetics and Research Ministry.