Abba is an Aramaic 1 term for "father." It is transliterated (written phonetically) in the Greek New Testament as "abba." The word is used by Jesus in Mark 14:36 and by Paul in Rom. 8:15 and Gal. 4:6. It was a term of endearment. Each occurrence of the word is in the vocative. This means it is used as a noun is referencing a person, "O Father!"
Each of the three occurrences of the word do so with the Greek "pater" which means 'father." So, each occurrence appears as "abba ho pater," which is "Abba, Father!"
- 1. Aramaic is a dialect of Hebrew