by Matt Slick
Yes, Jesus knew the future. Being God in flesh (John 1:1, 14; Colossians 2:9) and because He is outside of time yet also within it being a man, He knew the future because He had ordained it (Ephesians 1:11). Please consider the following verses that show that Jesus prophesied about the future.
- The Abomination of Desolation
- Matthew 24:15, "Therefore when you see the ABOMINATION OF DESOLATION which was spoken of through Daniel the prophet, standing in the holy place (let the reader understand), 16 then let those who are in Judea flee to the mountains."
- Appearance of false prophets
- Matthew 24:24, "For false Christs and false prophets will arise and will show great signs and wonders, so as to mislead, if possible, even the elect."
- His own return
- Matthew 24:29-31, "But immediately after the tribulation of those days THE SUN WILL BE DARKENED, AND THE MOON WILL NOT GIVE ITS LIGHT, AND THE STARS WILL FALL from the sky, and the powers of the heavens will be shaken, 30 and then the sign of the Son of Man will appear in the sky, and then all the tribes of the earth will mourn, and they will see the SON OF MAN COMING ON THE CLOUDS OF THE SKY with power and great glory. 31 And He will send forth His angels with A GREAT TRUMPET and THEY WILL GATHER TOGETHER His elect from the four winds, from one end of the sky to the other."
- Peter's Denial of Jesus
- Matthew 26:34, "Jesus said to him, “Truly I say to you that this very night, before a cock crows, you shall deny Me three times."
- Destruction of the Temple
- Mark 13:2, "And Jesus said to him, “Do you see these great buildings? Not one stone shall be left upon another which will not be torn down."
- His own crucifixion
- John 8:28-29, "Jesus therefore said, 'When you lift up the Son of Man, then you will know that I am He, and I do nothing on My own initiative, but I speak these things as the Father taught Me.'"
So, we can see that Jesus prophesied the future. Some of the prophecies are yet to be fulfilled, but others were fulfilled in his time. Nevertheless, what we do with statements where, for example, Jesus did not know the time of His return? Basically, we have to understand that Jesus was cooperating with the limitations of being a man (Philippians 2: 5-8) because He was made under the law (Galatians 4:4). There is a paradox in that He was both divine and human in one person, and we cannot exhaustively determine the relationship between His two natures and His knowledge. Some things we just have to take on faith. Nevertheless, Jesus prophesied the future, yet He also grew in wisdom and stature (Luke 2:52).