upon this rock

by Matt Slick
2/10/2018

Roman Catholics routinely state that the Church Fathers teach Roman Catholic theology. They use them to justify their loyalty to the Roman Catholic Church.  Unfortunately, the Church Fathers did not always agree with each other and sometimes even contradicted themselves.

Following is a table that links many of the Church Fathers under different topics. Some of the quotes may satisfy people and some may not. If you have better quotes for whatever position the Church Fathers teach, perhaps you could send them to me at info@carm.org.  I'll check them out and possibly add them here.

 

  Apocyrpha
Scripture
Baptism
for
Salvation
Communion
Literal Body
and Blood
Eternal
Security
Peter
the
Rock
Purg-
atory
Salvation
by
Faith
Alone
Sola
Scripture
Ambrose
(340?-397)
  Yes         Yes Yes, No
Aphrahat
(270-345)
          No    
Arthenagoras
(133-190)
    No          
Athanasius
(300?-375)  
No             Yes, No
Augustine
(354-430)
    No Yes No Yes, No Yes  
Basil
(330-379)
              No
Chrysostom
(349-407)
        No Yes Yes, No  
Clement
of Alexandria
(150-215)
    No         Yes
Clement
of Rome
(?-110)
  No         Yes  
Cyprian
of Carthage
(200?-258)
        No     Yes
Cyril
of Jerusalem
(315?-386)
              Yes, No
Eusebius
(263-339)
    No          
Gregory
of Nyssa
(330-394)
            No No
Hermas
(150?)
      No        
Irenaeus
(120?-200)
  Yes         Yes Yes
Jerome
(347-420)
No       Yes     Yes
Julius
Africanus
(160-240)
No              
Justin Martyr
(100-165)
            Yes  
Marius
Victorinus
(280-?)
  No            
Origen
(185-254)
  Yes No   No   No Yes
Polycarp
(69-150)
  No       No Yes  
Tertullian
(155-220)
  Yes No     Yes    
Theodoret
(393-457)
    No          
Theophilus
of Antioch
(d. 185?)
    No          

 

Worth Mentioning

  1. Fallen angels will be saved: Clement of Alexandria (150-215)
  2. Satan will be saved:  Gregory of Nyssa ( 330-394)
  3. Universal Salvation: Origen (185-254)

 

 

 

 
 

About The Author

Matt Slick is the President and Founder of the Christian Apologetics and Research Ministry.