The United States of America is a Federal Constitutional Republic where the leaders are elected as representatives of the populace and are governed by a Constitution with a Bill of Rights. The United States consists of 50 states, is approximately 3.8 million square miles and has more than 300 million people. The U.S. has the government separated into three main powers: executive, legislative, and judicial. This division of powers is intended to prevent corruption and abuse of the powers vested in the Federal Government.
- The Executive Powers reside in the office of the Presidency as is designated by the United States Constitution, Article Two, Section 1.
- The Legislative Powers reside in Congress which has the responsibility to pass, amend, and repeal laws governing the operation of the United States.
- The Judicial Powers reside in the Supreme Court and lesser courts. The Supreme Court judges are appointed by the President and hold their office for life.
The United States was formed on July 4, 1776, with the Declaration of Independence. The present Constitution was adopted on Sept. 17, 1787.