Was Jesus' sacrifice according to Old Testament Law?

by Matt Slick
2/17/15

The sacrifice of Jesus was according to the Old Testament requirements of the law. Following is a comparison of requirements in the Old Testament and the fulfillment in the New Testament. This also is what is meant by Jesus when he said that he came not to abolish the law but to fulfill it, (Matthew 5:17).  Jesus did not come to make the Old Testament law invalid. It was good. However, there were aspects of that Law, such as animal sacrifices, that would not continue because Jesus fulfilled them and instituted a new covenant.

  • "When He said, 'A new covenant,' He has made the first obsolete. But whatever is becoming obsolete and growing old is ready to disappear," (Hebrews 8:13).
  • "For this reason He is the mediator of a new covenant, so that, since a death has taken place for the redemption of the transgressions that were committed under the first covenant, those who have been called may receive the promise of the eternal inheritance. 16 For where a covenant is, there must of necessity be the death of the one who made it," (Hebrews 9:15-16).

  Old Testament New Testament
Lamb Exodus 12:3, “Speak to all the congregation of Israel, saying, ‘On the tenth of this month they are each one to take a lamb for themselves, according to their fathers’ households, a lamb for each household. John 1:29, "The next day he saw Jesus coming to him and said, “Behold, the Lamb of God who takes away the sin of the world!"
Blood
Atonement
Lev 17:11, "For the life of the flesh is in the blood, and I have given it to you on the altar to make atonement for your souls; for it is the blood by reason of the life that makes atonement." Heb. 9:14, "how much more will the blood of Christ, who through the eternal Spirit offered Himself without blemish to God, cleanse your conscience from dead works to serve the living God?"
Priest
Makes
Atonement
Lev. 4:20, "‘He shall also do with the bull just as he did with the bull of the sin offering; thus he shall do with it. So the priest shall make atonement for them, and they will be forgiven." Heb. 7:23-24, "The former priests, on the one hand, existed in greater numbers because they were prevented by death from continuing, 24 but Jesus, on the other hand, because He continues forever, holds His priesthood permanently."
Sacrifice
Without
Blemish
Deut. 17:1 “You shall not sacrifice to the LORD your God an ox or a sheep which has a blemish or any defect, for that is a detestable thing to the LORD your God." Heb. 9:14, "how much more will the blood of Christ, who through the eternal Spirit offered Himself without blemish to God, cleanse your conscience from dead works to serve the living God?"
Kinsman
Redeemer
Lev. 25:47-49, "Now if the means of a stranger or of a sojourner with you becomes sufficient, and a countryman of yours becomes so poor with regard to him as to sell himself to a stranger who is sojourning with you, or to the descendants of a stranger’s family, 48 then he shall have redemption right after he has been sold. One of his brothers may redeem him, 49 or his uncle, or his uncle’s son, may redeem him, or one of his blood relatives from his family may redeem him; or if he prospers, he may redeem himself." John 1:1, "In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God....14 And the Word became flesh, and dwelt among us..."

Col. 2:9, "For in Him all the fullness of Deity dwells in bodily form."
Passover Exodus 12:11-13, " 11 ‘Now you shall eat it in this manner: with your loins girded, your sandals on your feet, and your staff in your hand; and you shall eat it in haste—it is the LORD’S Passover. 12 ‘For I will go through the land of Egypt on that night, and will strike down all the firstborn in the land of Egypt, both man and beast; and against all the gods of Egypt I will execute judgments—I am the LORD. 13 ‘The blood shall be a sign for you on the houses where you live; and when I see the blood I will pass over you, and no plague will befall you to destroy you when I strike the land of Egypt."  John 19:14-15, "Now it was the day of preparation for the Passover; it was about the sixth hour. And he said to the Jews, “Behold, your King!” 15 So they cried out, “Away with Him, away with Him, crucify Him!” Pilate *said to them, “Shall I crucify your King?” The chief priests answered, “We have no king but Caesar.”

 

 
 

About The Author

Matt Slick is the President and Founder of the Christian Apologetics and Research Ministry.