Who were the Ebionites?

by Matt Slick

The Ebionites (a term that means ‘the poor’) were a Jewish-Christian religious group that believed in following the Old Testament laws.  They denied that Jesus was God in flesh, taught that he was created and that God adopted him at the time of his baptism.  They were vegetarians, rejected the Apostle Paul’s teachings, and accepted only the gospel of Matthew1. They also denied the virgin birth but did affirm Christ’s crucifixion and resurrection.

  • 1. Geisler, N. L., & Nix, W. E. (1996, c1986). A general introduction to the Bible, Chicago: Moody Press, p. 302 citing The Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church, pp. 438-39.

About The Author

Matt Slick is the President and Founder of the Christian Apologetics and Research Ministry.