Why do we have to die?

by Matt Slick

grave stone The reason we die is because of the effect of sin in the world. When God made Adam and Eve, there was no death. If they had not sinned, they would have continued to live on and on. They would never have died. But because of their rebellion against God, there is a spiritual consequence with the result of the physical manifestation we call death.

When we sin, we break the law of God (1 John 3:4). But all laws have punishments for breaking them. Otherwise, they aren't laws. So if we break the law, there must be a consequence. God said to Adam in Genesis 2:17, "but from the tree of the knowledge of good and evil you shall not eat, for in the day that you eat from it you will surely die." Notice that there was a consequence for disobeying God: death. If God did not have a consequence to breaking his law, then his words mean nothing.

The reason I am focusing on this is because I want you to understand that the reason death exists is because of the power of the word of God. Sin has its ability to kill because of God's word, the Law.

1 Corinthians 15:56, "The sting of death is sin, and the power of sin is the law."  

The Bible tells us that sin has his power because of the law of God. Remember, laws have punishments. Therefore, the punishment for breaking the law is separation from God (Isaiah 59:2). Furthermore, all people have sinned (except Christ, of course),

  • Romans 3:23, "for all have sinned and fall short of the glory of God."  
  • Romans 6:23, "For the wages of sin is death, but the free gift of God is eternal life in Christ Jesus our Lord."

 Since, all have sinned, and the consequence of sin is death, then that is why we all die.

But, there's hope

We can't escape our physical death. But we can escape spiritual death which is the damnation of God. It is only through the person of Jesus Christ who died on the cross for our sins that we can find forgiveness. Since we have all broken the law of God (Rom. 3:23), we all deserve to be punished. But Jesus, who was God in flesh (John 1:1, 14; Col. 2:9), bore our sins in his body on the cross (1 Pet. 2:24) and died with them. Therefore, if you trust in what Christ has done on the cross, then the consequences of your sinful actions before God can be canceled. In other words, by trusting in Christ and in Christ alone for the forgiveness of your sins, though you may die physically, you will not die spiritually.

Therefore, trust in Christ. Ask Jesus to forgive you of all of your sins.

But, there's a warning. If you do ask Jesus to forgive you, he will take you as you are, but he won't leave you as you are. He will change you and bring you through circumstances in order to make you more like him. Sometimes this is easy, but sometimes it's not. But, it is always good.

Luke 14:28, “For which one of you, when he wants to build a tower, does not first sit down and calculate the cost to see if he has enough to complete it?"





About The Author

Matt Slick is the President and Founder of the Christian Apologetics and Research Ministry.