Comparison grid between Christianity and Islamic doctrine

by Matt Slick

(This is a general representation of Islamic beliefs).

Term

Christianity Islam
Afterlife Christians will be with the Lord in heaven (Phil. 1:21-24), in our resurrected bodies (1 Cor. 15:50-58). Non-Christians will be cast into hell forever (Matt. 25:46). There is an afterlife (75:12) experienced as either an ideal life of Paradise (29:64) for faithful Muslims or Hell for those who are not.
Angels Created beings, non-human, some of which, fell into sin and became evil. They are very powerful. The unfallen angels carry out the will of God. Created beings without free will that serve God. Angels were created from light.
Atonement The sacrifice of Christ on the cross (1 Pet. 2:24) whereby His blood becomes the sacrifice that turns away the wrath of God (1 John 2:2) from the sinner when the sinner receives (John 1:12), by faith (Rom. 5:1), the work of Christ on the cross. There is no atonement work in Islam other than a sincere confession of sin and repentance by the sinner.
Bible The inspired and inerrant word of God in the original manuscripts (2 Tim. 3:16). Respected word of the prophets but the Bible has been corrupted through the centuries and is only correct in so far as it agrees with the Koran.
Crucifixion The place where Jesus atoned for the sins of the world. It is only through this sacrifice that anyone can be saved from the wrath of God (1 Pet. 2:24). Jesus did not die on the cross. Instead, God allowed Judas to look like Jesus, and he was crucified instead.
Devil A fallen Angel who opposes God in all ways. He also seeks to destroy humanity (Isaiah 14:12-15; Ezek. 28:13-15). Iblis, a fallen jinn. Jinn are not angels nor men but created beings with free wills. Jinn were created from fire, (2:268; 114:1-6).
God God is a trinity of persons: Father, Son, and Holy Spirit. The Trinity is not three gods in one god, nor is it one person who took three forms. Trinitarianism is strictly monotheistic. There is no other God in existence. God is known as Allah. Allah is one person, a strict unity. There is no other God in existence. He is the creator of the universe (3:191), sovereign over all (6:61-62).
Heaven (Paradise) The place where God dwells. Heaven is the eventual home of the Christians who are saved by God's grace. It is heaven because it is where God is, and Christians will enjoy eternal Fellowship with Him. Paradise to Muslims, a place of unimaginable bliss (32:17), a garden with trees and food (13:35;15:45-48) where the desires of faithful Muslims are met (3:133; 9:38; 13:35; 39:34; 43:71; 53:13-15).
Hell A place of torment in fire out of the presence of God. There is no escape from Hell (Matt. 25:46). Hell is a place of eternal punishment and torment (14:17; 25:65; 39:26), in fire (104:6-7) for those who are not Muslims (3:131) as well as those who were and whose works and faith were not sufficient (14:17; 25:65; 104:6-7).
Holy Spirit Third person of the Trinity. The Holy Spirit is fully God in nature. The arch-angel Gabriel who delivered the words of the Koran to Muhammad.
Jesus Second person of the Trinity. He is the word who became flesh (John 1:1, 14). He is both God and man (Col. 2:9). A very great prophet, second only to Muhammad. Jesus is not the son of God (9:30) and certainly is not divine (5:17, 75), and he was not crucified (4:157).
Judgment Day Occurs on the day of resurrection (John 12:48) where God will judge all people. Christians go to heaven. All others to hell (Matt. 25:46). Occurs on the day of resurrection where God will judge all people. Muslims go to paradise (3:142, 183-185, 198). All others to hell (3:196-197). Judgment is based on a person's deeds (5:9; 42:26; 8:29).
Koran, The The work of Muhammad. It is not inspired, nor is it scripture. There is no verification for its accurate transmission from the originals. The final revelation of God to all of mankind given through the archangel Gabriel to Muhammad over a 23-year period. It is without error and guarded from error by Allah.
Man Made in the image of God (Gen. 1:26). This does not mean that God has a body, but that man is made like God in abilities (reason, faith, love, etc.). Not made in the image of God (42:11). Man is made out of the dust of the earth (23:12) and Allah breathed life into man (32:9; 15:29).

Muhammad

A non-inspired man born in 570 in Mecca who started the Islamic religion. The last and greatest of all prophets of Allah whose Qur'an is the greatest of all inspired books.
Original Sin This is a term used to describe the effect of Adam's sin on his descendants (Rom. 5:12-23). Specifically, it is our inheritance of a sinful nature from Adam. The sinful nature originated with Adam and is passed down from parent to child. We are by nature children of wrath (Eph. 2:3). There is no original sin. All people are sinless until they rebel against God. They do not have sinful natures.
Resurrection Bodily resurrection of all people, non-Christians to damnation and Christians are resurrected to eternal life (1 Cor. 15:50-58). Bodily resurrection, some to heaven, some to hell (3:77; 15:25;75:36-40; 22:6).
Salvation A free gift of God (Eph. 2:8-9) to the person who trusts in Christ and His sacrifice on the cross. He is our mediator (1 Tim. 2:5). No works are sufficient in any way to merit salvation since our works are all unacceptable to God (Isaiah 64:6). Forgiveness of sins is obtained by Allah's grace without a mediator. The Muslim must believe Allah exists, believe in the fundamental doctrines of Islam, believe that Muhammad is his prophet, and follow the commands of Allah given in the Koran.
Son of God A term used to designate that Jesus is divine though he is not the literal son of God in a physical sense (John 5:18). A literal son of God. Therefore, Jesus cannot be the son of Allah.
Trinity One God in three persons: Father, Son, and Holy Spirit The Father, Jesus, and Mary
Word, The "In the beginning was the word and the word was with God and the word was God . . . and the word became flesh and dwelt among us . . . " (John 1:1, 14). Allah's command of existence which resulted in Jesus being formed in the womb of Mary.

 

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