The Beatitudes are the teachings of Jesus in the sermon on the Mount found in Matt. 5:3-12 and Luke 6:20-22. They are instructions to Christians on general moral behavior. They are comprised of blessings and rewards that coincide with rewards in heaven.
"The customary designation for the discourse of Jesus recorded in Mt. 5–7. It begins with the well-known BEATITUDES and then, by a series of startling antitheses, illustrates the relationship of Jesus’ teaching to the Jewish legal system. It emphasizes the inner righteousness of the “kingdom of heaven” (Mt. 5:20) by warning against improper performance of religious duties; almsgiving, prayer, and fasting are not meant for public display or as currency for the purchase of religious status. Followers of Jesus are urged to dispel anxiety with simple trust and to live in love. The Sermon ends with a series of short parables that encourage people to put these truths into actual practice.1
- 1. Bromiley, Geoffrey W., ed. The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised. Wm. B. Eerdmans, 1979–1988.