Christian heresies are many. Through studying such errors as arianism, gnosticism, modalism, and pelagianism, Christians can better understand their own faith. A heresy is a deviation from the truth.
"For there must also be factions among you, in order that those who are approved may have become evident among you," (1 Cor. 11:19).
- Adoptionism - God granted Jesus powers and then adopted him as a Son.
- Albigenses - Reincarnation and two gods: one good and other evil.
- Apollinarianism - Jesus' divine will overshadowed and replaced the human.
- Arianism - Jesus was a lesser, created being.
- Docetism - Jesus was divine but only seemed to be human.
- Donatism - Validity of sacraments depends on character of the minister.
- Eutychianism - Jesus finite human nature is swallowed up in His infinite divine nature.
- Gnosticism - Dualism of good and bad and special knowledge for salvation.
- Kenosis - Jesus gave up some divine attributes while on earth.
- Marcionism - An evil God of the O.T., good God of the N.T. 11, books in the Canon
- Modalism - God is one person in three modes.
- Monarchianism - God is one person.
- Monophysitism - Jesus had only one nature: divine.
- Nestorianism - Jesus was two persons.
- Patripassionism - The Father suffered on the cross.
- Pelagianism - Man is unaffected by the fall and can keep all of God's laws.
- Semi-Pelagianism - Man and God cooperate to achieve man's salvation.
- Socinianism - Denial of the Trinity. Jesus is a deified man.
- Subordinationism - The Son is lesser than the Father in essence and or attributes.
- Tritheism - The Trinity is really three separate gods.