Who is Jesus?

Who is Jesus?  Jesus is the central figure of Christianity and its founder.  He was born of a virgin, lived a perfect live, died on the cross for our sins, and three days later He rose from the dead. Jesus said, "I am the way, and the truth, and the life; no one comes to the Father, but through Me," (John 14:6).  Also, He claimed to be God in flesh.  If you compare what God said to Moses in Exodus 3:14 ("And God said to Moses, 'I AM WHO I AM') with what Jesus said in John 8:58, “Truly, truly, I say to you, before Abraham was born, I am," then you quickly see that He was claiming to be God.  Now, when we say that Jesus is God, we are speaking of His divinity.  God alone is divine and Jesus claimed that divinity.  In fact, others in the Bible testified that He was divine as well:

  • John 20:28, "Thomas answered and said to Him, 'My Lord and my God!'"
  • Col. 2:9, "For in Him all the fullness of Deity dwells in bodily form."
  • Heb. 1:8, "But of the Son He says, “Thy throne, O God, is forever and ever..."

As you can see, Jesus identified himself with being God and his disciples did too.

Jesus and the Trinity

Jesus is the second person of the Trinity which is the Christian teaching that there is only one God in existence and he is comprised of three persons: the Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit.  Biblically, Jesus is the Word that became flesh and dwelt among us.

"In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God.  2 He was in the beginning with God...  14 And the Word became flesh, and dwelt among us, and we beheld His glory, glory as of the only begotten from the Father, full of grace and truth," (John 1:1-2,14).

Jesus and the Hypostatic Union

Because the word was with God and was God and became flesh, we then state that Jesus has two natures: divine and human. This is called the hypostatic union. Therefore, Jesus is both God and man at the same time. The reason that he is God in flesh is because only God can atone for our sins. We can't do it on our own because we are finite, sinful beings and we cannot please an infinitely holy God.  Also, Jesus had to be a man to be able to die for humanity.  This means that Jesus took our place on the cross; that is, He took our place and suffered the wrath of God the Father.  If you trust in what Christ has done, then you will be saved from the righteous judgment of God.

God is infinitely holy, sinless, and just.  When we sin, when we do something contrary to God's will, then we have offended God.  Since He is infinite, our offense against Him takes on an infinite quality - because of who we have offended:  an infinite God. Since no person can please an infinitely Holy God (because we are finite and sinners) then the only one left to remove our sins is God Himself.  Therefore, Jesus is God in flesh, the one who died on the cross, bore our sin in his body (1 Pet. 2:24), and physically rose from the dead.

Jesus is still a man

Right now, in heaven, Jesus is still in the form of a man: "For there is one God, and one mediator also between God and men, the man Christ Jesus," (1 Tim. 2:5).  Furthermore, he rose from the dead in the same body he died in as he predicted he would.

John 2:19-22, "Jesus answered and said to them, 'Destroy this temple, and in three days I will raise it up.' 20 The Jews therefore said, 'It took forty-six years to build this temple, and will You raise it up in three days?'  21 But He was speaking of the temple of His body.  22 When therefore He was raised from the dead, His disciples remembered that He said this; and they believed the Scripture, and the word which Jesus had spoken,"

Also, Jesus retained the wounds of His crucifixion after He rose from the dead:

John 20:27, "Then He said to Thomas, “Reach here your finger, and see My hands; and reach here your hand, and put it into My side; and be not unbelieving, but believing.”

Forty days after His resurrection He ascended into heaven bodily: 

Acts 1:9, "And after He had said these things, He was lifted up while they were looking on, and a cloud received Him out of their sight.

He will return again from the heavens, and will judge the world and all people: 

Acts 1:11, "This Jesus, who has been taken up from you into heaven, will come in just the same way as you have watched Him go into heaven."

Yet, at the same time, He is still divine,

Col. 2:9, "For in Him all the fullness of Deity dwells in bodily form."

Jesus never sinned

The Bible claims that Jesus never did anything wrong (1 Peter 2:22).  He also performed many miracles such as healing, casting out demons, walking on water, calming a storm with the command, raising people from the dead, and rising from the dead himself. Though there have been many great teachers throughout history, none of them have performed such miracles and claimed to be divine as Jesus claimed.  This is why we can believe Himwhen He says, "I am the way, and the truth, and the life; no one comes to the Father, but through Me," (John 14:6).

More about Jesus

The Bible tells us a great deal about Jesus. Following is a list of some of what Scripture teaches about Him.

  • He is prayed to, Acts 7:55-60; 1 Cor. 1:2 with Psalm 116:4; John 14:14
  • He is worshipped, Matt. 2:2,11; 14:33; John 9:35-38; Heb. 1:6
  • He cleanses from sin, 1 John 1:9
  • He forgives sins, Matt. 9:1-7; Luke 5:20; 7:48
  • He is the image of the invisible God, Heb. 1:3
  • He gives eternal life, John 10:28
  • He has all authority, Matthew 28:18
  • He is the light of the world, John 8:12
  • He came to save, John 3:17
  • He came to die and destroy Satan's power, Heb. 2:14




About The Author

Matt Slick is the President and Founder of the Christian Apologetics and Research Ministry.